Eastern Norway. [10] In later years, the large Red king crab has invaded Norwegian waters from the east and, having reached west to Hammerfest, are now served in the finest restaurants. Getting away from the city lights will give you a better chance to see the aurora more clearly. On 27 May, Bodø was bombed by German planes, and on 7 June, the Allies retreated from the North, and the King and government fled to Britain from Tromsø. Particularly after Norwegian independence (from Sweden) in 1905, the Norwegian authorities were insistent that all should speak Norwegian only and schools became active tools of assimilation. The two ethnic groups traded with each other, and there seems to have been quite a lot of intermarriage. Lamb meat from sheep following the retreating snow line up the hills and mountains to get the most nutritious fresh vegetation throughout summer is highly regarded by the locals, and research seem to indicate that a varied diet does influence the taste of the meat. The Vesterålen islands consist of smaller and bigger islands with a huge variation in landscape. Statens Kartverk, Geovekst og kommuner - Geodata AS. The nature of the co-existence is hotly debated. Hårek from Tjøtta and Tore Hund, who killed Saint Olav at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030 were important leaders according to Heimskringla. These settled along the coasts roughly up to Tromsø. [5] In addition to fishing, each family traditionally had a small farm with a few cows (see Pietro Querinis shipwrecked at Røst in 1432[6]), sheep or goats (goats being preferred in many places due to their superior adaptation to the rough and mountainous terrain found in much of Northern Norway) and had small grain fields (mostly barley). In 1989, the Norwegian Sami parliament, Samediggi, opened, and the Law of Finnmark of 2005 was an attempt to deal with the question of land rights. [citation needed]. Agriculture gradually becomes less important as a food source as one moves further north, and in the northern half (north of Balsfjord/Tromsø area) was usually of minor importance and certainly less important than fishing or Sami reindeer nomadic pastoralism. Eastern Sami was originally spoken in Neiden, close to Kirkenes, but it is more or less extinct. Fresh seal meat is served at the end of the hunting season in spring, and Tromsø is the place to look for it. In the Viking age, several chieftains along the coast played a significant role in Norwegian history, usually resisting unification of Norway. In the summer, the coalfish, or saithe, bites, and fresh saithe is often served on the beach, boiled in seawater over an open fire, or fried (typically the smaller coalfish). Go hiking, fishing and skiing in areas like Lofoten, Helgeland and Vesterålen. Wild berries have long traditions in the local cuisine, and the most sought after is the cloudberry, used in marmalade, desserts and cakes. In 1252 the first church, the Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae de Trums juxta paganos ("The Church of Saint Mary in Troms near the Heathens"), was built in Tromsø, along with a small rampart intended to serve as protection against Karelian raids. Other traditions are lutefisk and boknafisk, the latter made from stockfish, and in Nordland often from herring. Northern Norway is a good place to visit any time of year. Finnmark is situated north of northernmost Finland, and to the east Norway has a 196 kilometres (122 mi) border with Russia. Salmon has long traditions as food along the rivers, and also trout which are common also in the numerous lakes. Transportation was also improved, as airports were built throughout the area, notably in Bodø in 1952 and Tromsø in 1964. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Northern lights in Norway Lying north of the Arctic circle within the severe waters of the Norwegian sea, the Lofoten archipelago is known for its wild nature, majestic mountains, deep fjords, noisy bird settlements, the purest water and long sandy beaches. At Nordkapp the midnight sun can be seen from 11 May to 31 July, and the sun does not rise above the horizon from 19 November to 22 January. At the same time, the ethnic diversity of the area came under threat. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Northern Norway, Norway on Tripadvisor: See 72,629 traveller reviews and photos of Northern Norway tourist attractions. Topographic maps that show the details of terrain as well as trekking routes and lodging facilities are available for all of Norway in suitable scales of 1:50 000 to 1:100 000, with some detailed local maps in scales of 1:25 000. In the winter, the codfish comes to the coastal waters to spawn, especially to the cod fisheries of Lofoten. Discover the past of Norway on historical maps. People of Finnish descent in these eastern areas are also typically more likely to consider themselves as "Finnish Norwegians" rather than Kvens, arguing that the term Kven represents an attempt to cut them off from their Finnish roots. Northern Norway is the perfect holiday getaway. Notable peaks in Salten are the Børvasstindan south of Bodø, Suliskongen near Fauske (1,907 metres or 6,257 feet, highest mountain north of the Arctic Circle), the Steigartindan and the phallic Hamarøytinden. Concerns about possible Finnish irredentism also led to increasing pressure on Kvens to assimilate. Precipitation occur in all seasons, usually as snow in winter, although often as rain on the Nordland coast. In 1972, the University of Tromsø opened, accompanied by a number of university colleges, notably in Bodø, Alta, Harstad and Narvik. The elevation models are provided as USGS and DEM’s. February is a transitional period when the sun rapidly returns, and March and April often feel like an explosion of light with long daylight hours and snow cover in most areas except the coastal strip of Nordland. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in October. The chieftain and poet Øyvind Skaldespiller was the first to receive international acclaim, as his poems were rewarded when the Icelandic parliament organized a money collection to buy him a thick ring of gold. A rippling landscape of jagged mountain peaks, creaking glaciers and crashing waterfalls, Norway is Europe at its most sublime. In 2009, archeologist discovered evidence of barley grown in Kvæfjord near Harstad in the Bronze Age 1000 BC. Some islands, like Træna and Røst, have average temperatures of approximately 1 °C (34 °F) in their coldest months. The Finnish spoken in western regions, from Storfjord to Porsanger, is quite distinct, although comprehensible for people from Finland. Karasjok in the eastern part of Finnmarksvidda has January and February averages of −17 °C (1 °F) and −15 °C (5 °F), July & August averages are 13 °C (55 °F) and 11 °C (52 °F), year average is −2.4 °C (27.7 °F) and precipitation is only 366 mm/year ([5]). {{?}} In addition to potatoes and carrots, rutabaga and sometimes cabbage have traditionally been grown (very little in Finnmark). Boundaries, road data and place names are provided in SOSI and PostGIS formats. ... Map of Norway Map. Tromsø, partly sheltered by large islands, experiences on average 27 days/year with strong breeze, and 1 day with gale, and Bardufoss sees on average only 11 days with strong breeze or more and scarcely ever experiences gale. Even at this latitude, pine forests grow naturally in lowland areas inland. {{pricing}} Brønnøysund experiences on average 63 days/year with strong breeze (22 knots) or more, and 18 of these days reach gale-force winds or more (34 knots, data from Leka just south of Brønnøysund, source met.no). The oldest known historical culture in the region is called Komsa, named after a mountain in Alta. The warm climate in coastal areas, relative to other locations at the same latitude, is by many attributed to the relatively warm North Atlantic Current, an extension of the Gulf Stream. The Arctic Race of Norway is a cycling road race of the UCI Europe Tour held since 2013. The Aurora Borealis can be seen in the whole area from autumn to mid-April, after which it gets too bright to observe the Aurora. Indication of maritime links, tourist information and city maps of Tromso, Alta, Hammerfest and Kirkenes included. The large sea bird colonies along the coast provided eggs for the local population, most of these are now protected by law. In 1946, the huge steel works of Mo i Rana were founded, heralding industrialization of the north. Winter In Northern Norway: Enchanted Sights & Northern Lights . Winters in the far north may … Finnmark county has fjords and glaciers in the far southwest, and the northwestern coasts are characterized by big islands, like Sørøya and Seiland. Shark meat has traditionally not been used as food, even if some can grow nearly 10 metres (33 ft) long. Dried cod was exported through Bergen to the whole Hanseatic world, bringing prosperity to the north. Reindeer are often served as finnebiff, thin slices in a cream sauce. Important information about. Finnmark from Mapcarta, the free map. Norway’s spectacular fjords, of course, are top of every traveller’s list – and rightly so.But head further off the beaten track and there’s plenty to explore, including the remote Lofoten, a necklace of islands where life remains relaxed and traditional, and the wilds of Finnmark, where reindeer-herding, hunting and fishing are still widely practised. Lofoten is a chain of peaks that jut out of the ocean. While there is a slight overall population growth in Northern Norway (as a result of surplus childbirths and immigration from abroad), this is significantly lower than in southern counties, although the regional centres of Bodø, Tromsø and Alta continue to grow at a relatively brisk pace. 1:50 000 maps are also available for GPS. {{:price}} Earlier, northern dialects had a low status in Norway, but recently they have been used extensively in song lyrics, poetry, in TV and radio. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. Towns with fewer than 30,000 inhabitants, ranked by population: Towns with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, ranked by population: There are settlements larger than Vardø which are not included in the list as they have not been granted or applied for township (such as Rognan, Løding, Andenes, Setermoen and Skjervøy). Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, and the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen. The Svalbard Islands. The traditional view has been that the fortress and church were constructed at roughly the same time, although recent research indicates that the fortress may have been constructed as late as the 1330s, after the border between Norway and Novgorod had become more fixed. In the latest decades consumption has increased in correspondence with increased salmon fish farming; smoked salmon is very popular, often on open sandwiches, alone or together with boiled or scrambled eggs or salad. Reduced fish prices in the 17th century and the exploitative trade practices of merchants from Bergen, who had been granted a royal monopoly on fish trading, led to a significant decline in the population and grinding poverty for those who remained. The mid-winter darkness is not totally dark on the mainland; there is twilight for about three hours around noon in Tromsø. [15] Mushrooms are common in the forests from late July to September and also has seen some use in traditional food. There are extreme variations in daylight between winter and summer. Northern Norway. In 1944, the German Wehrmacht started to retreat from the Murmansk front. Northern Norway covers about a third of Norway. The Lyngen Alps are the highest mountains of the area, rising to 1,833 metres (6,014 ft), an area of glaciers and waterfalls. The result was a significant effort by the authorities to promote Sami language and culture. The rail network was extended to reach Bodø in 1961. Top Things to Do in Northern Norway, Norway: See Tripadvisor's 72,629 traveller reviews and photos of 708 things to do when in Northern Norway. Mølja, boiled codfish with liver and roe, is a delicacy that today is served in the best restaurants. Finnmark is Norway's northernmost county, well within the Arctic circle. The land of the midnight sun offers 24 hours of daylight during the summer, so travelers can hike or fish whatever the hour. {{? Scale 1 : 400,000. km on the Scandinavian Peninsula. In all areas, late autumn and winter is the most windy time of year, as the Atlantic low pressure systems are strongest then. The population was forcibly evacuated, although a third of them chose to hide in the wilderness instead. For a better user experience please enable localStorage or use a different browser. The Hurtigruten shipping line, introduced in 1893, gave quicker communications with the south. Finnish is official in addition to Sami and Norwegian in Porsanger municipality. The 269 metres (883 ft) Mollisfossen waterfall in Nordreisa is the highest waterfall in the north, while Målselvfossen is Norway's national waterfall. Mild westerlies are still much more common in most winters. Notably they cut grammar endings (like French relative to Italian)[clarification needed]. There were numerous wars with the republic of Novgorod in Russia at the time, that stopped by the late 15th century. In the Middle Ages, churches and fortifications were built along the coast in an effort to stake a more firm claim for the kingdom of Norway along what was then the frontier of Norwegian settlement. This was followed in 1307 by the consecration of Vardø Church in what is now eastern Finnmark. Finnmarksvidda in the interior of Finnmark and some valleys in the interior of Troms, experience a more continental climate with much less precipitation and much colder winters compared to the long coastal region.[21][22][23][24]. N50-N5000 topographical land data can be found in ESRI File Geodatabase format, GML, SOSI and PostGIS databas… Learn how to create your own. [4] A larger settlement by people of Germanic origin, with substantial archeological evidence, seem to have occurred 200–300 AD. The landscape towards the Russian border is comparatively flat. 2020's top churches and cathedrals in Northern Norway include Trondenes Church, Hammerfest Church + Northern Lights Cathedral. Reindeer filets have become more popular in high-end restaurants in recent years, but the price can be prohibitive as the reindeer industry is shielded from market forces by the Norwegian government (in essence, it is treated as a vital component of Sami culture, rather than a competitive industry, which means there is little pressure to actually sell the meat products). Seven road sections in the region are National Tourist Routes in Norway due to their scenic surroundings, from Helgeland in the south to the Varanger Peninsula in the northeast, including two sections of the Norwegian County Road 17. In ice hockey, the Narvik IK plays in the second-tier Norwegian First Division. Choose Language. [18] Regions of Norway. From the mainland side it looks very barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are also flatlands with good grazing for sheep, partially on soil made from seaweed. For Bodø, Fauske, Mo i Rana and Mosjøen the Nordland Line provides railway connection south to Trondheim (and on to Oslo), while Narvik has railway connection east to Sweden (and on to Stockholm). Helgeland does not have true midnight sun, but the upper part of the sun disc never descends below the horizon as far south as Mosjøen in June. {{!preprice}} Fjord Norway. The inland is covered with dense spruce forests and mountains near the Swedish border; some of the biggest rivers in the region are the Vefsna and the Ranel… Price: As observed on the physical map of Norway, the country is highly mountainous and has a heavily indented coastline. Big islands like Senja, Kvaløya and Ringvassøya have green, forested interiors and a barren, mountainous coastline, with smaller islands offshore. We recommend a trip that travels through multiple destinations to fully appreciate the beautiful scenery on offer but even if you do only choose one, you will not be disappointed. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Finnish is spoken in only a few communities in the east of Finnmark. We have reviews of the best places to see in Northern Norway… People who wanted to buy state-owned land in Finnmark had to prove they could speak Norwegian before they were allowed to settle. The traditional view is that these were refugees escaping famine and warfare at home, although modern scholars have pointed out that many were simply looking for their own piece of land, which was getting scarce in Finland as a result of rapid population growth. After World War II, Norway made a huge effort to rebuild the destroyed towns and villages. In a comprehensive administrative reorganisation, Norway's 19 counties have become 11. However, agricultural produce has existed for at least 3,000 years in parts of the area (Helgeland, Salten, Lofoten, Harstad-Kvæfjord). I decided to look into possibilities and what I … A significant find area is between the river Tana and the fjord of Varanger, where the reindeer probably ran over the isthmus on the way between the winter and summer grazing. The southernmost part, roughly the part south of the Arctic Circle, is called Helgeland. Inland valleys and sheltered fjord areas—particularly if sheltered by mountains—are much less windy. Experience Northern Norway with the midnight sun, the northern lights, and sami culture. Experience shows that the northern lights shine most often and strongest a few hours before and after midnight. Dear travelers. Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, and the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen. In women's football, IK Grand Bodø and Medkila IL (from Harstad) will play in the 1. divisjon, the second tier of Norwegian football. Weather patterns are inherently unpredictable in this northern region—both low pressure and high pressure weather can occur at any time of year, although the strongest winds occur in winter. Between Saltfjellet and eastern Finnmark, Norway spruce trees have originally been planted and are mostly privately owned. It is still allowed to dream about the experiences you will have after the pandemic is over, but in the meanwhile … Rhubarb and redcurrant has been used for more than 100 years; redcurrant also grows naturally in much of the region,[16] blackcurrant is also common in gardens. Bodø was founded in 1816, and Vadsø in 1833. Metals were introduced around 500 BC. Coordinates: 69°40′N 19°0′E / 69.667°N 19.000°E / 69.667; 19.000, Maritime to continental subarctic climate, "Spruce timber from Bjerkvik, Narvik municipality", Statistics Norway – Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Due to the situation with Coronavirus, much of Northern Norway and Norway, in general, will be closed down for visitors from certain countries. The highest mountain in Northern Norway is found here in the Okstindan range south of Mo i Rana with Oksskolten reaching 1,915 metres (6,283 ft) above sea level, and with the glacier Okstindbreen. Export of fish and other products use the same trains in the reverse direction. [9], Traditionally, northerners regarded shellfish and prawns as bait, but lately they have developed a taste for it, and the freshest and most succulent prawns and shellfish are easily obtainable all along the coast. It all depends on travelers’ interests. However, 150 kilometres (93 mi) to the south, in the Pasvik valley south of Kirkenes, the 24 July-hr average is 14 °C (57 °F). Coastal and fjord areas of Northern Norway have much in common with Western Norway, sometimes imagined in cultural terms as a shared "coastal identity". Bioforsk, with research in terrestrial effects of climate and subarctic agriculture, has branches in four places in Northern Norway – Tromsø, Bodø, Tjøtta and Svanhovd in Sør-Varanger. In basketball, the BLNO has featured the Tromsø Storm and Harstad Vikings. This flourishing period of resistance was followed by consolidation and centralization of the Norwegian state, which was (and is) dominated by southerners (in the relative sense of south of Northern Norway), reducing the power and wealth of the Northern Norwegian chieftains. East of Honningsvåg, there are no islands protecting the barren coasts that rise directly up from the sea. Trøndelag. Northern Norway from Mapcarta, the free map. No other parts of Norway experience such large differences in lowland summer temperatures in such a relatively short distance. Along the coast of Nordland average temperatures hover barely below freezing for 2–3 months, statistically from 15 December to 27 February in Brønnøysund; somewhat longer into the fjords. Autumn tend to be the wettest season in most areas, often receiving more than twice as much precipitation as does spring and early summer. Combine that with some of the awe inspiring activities on offer in this region and it becomes clear why Northern Lights Holidays in Norway are such magical experiences. In the 1740s the first settlers started arriving in Northern Norway from Finland. The Eliteserien, Norway's primary men's football league, will feature two Northern team in the upcoming 2019 season, FK Bodø/Glimt and Tromsø IL. {{price}} {{:postprice}}{{postprice}}{{/}} Originally, Pite Sami and Ume Sami were spoken around Bodø, but these dialects are now extinct on the Norwegian side of the border. {{/pricing}}, TRAVEL ALERT! [19][20], There are large climatic differences from southwest to northeast in this region. [12] Game meat includes mountain hare, rock ptarmigan, willow grouse and moose. Very few first language Finnish speakers remain in Northern Norway, and unlike Northern Sami, the Finnish language lacks a core region where it is still dominant in daily life. I had always wanted to go to Norway, specifically the Northern part, and I wanted to go during the winter. Toggling to another language will take you to the matching page or nearest matching page within that selection. In general, one can say that the southernmost of the northern dialects, particularly in Helgeland and Salten, are the most distinct. The Sami culture can be traced back at least 2,000 years. The Northern Norwegian Cup was a football tournament played from 1929 to 1969. Northern Norway is one of the best places in the world to see the aurora borealis. Ranked by population in the town itself (not the municipality) as of 1. In 1940, Norwegian and Allied forces fought the Germans to a standstill over the strategic port for iron exports of Narvik, until allied forces and equipment were withdrawn, leaving the remaining Norwegians with no option but surrender. Northern Norway, located at the very northern periphery of Europe, has seen great improvements in communications in recent decades. The Norway Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. The area is about the size of Greece or South-Korea, but with a population of only ½ million. They burned everything after them in the area between the Russian border and the Lyngen fjord, as part of their tactics. {{preprice}} In addition to cod, herring and potatoes were traditional staple foods (except in the most northern area). Rock ptarmigan, willow grouse and moose hours of daylight during the winter and city maps of Tromso,,! The next region, called Salten some archeological evidence, seem to have occurred 200–300 AD Canada ’. 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